Lissafin Kwamfuta

Binary Kalkuleta

Binary tsarin lamba ne wanda ke aiki daidai da tsarin lambobi. Wataƙila wannan tsarin ya fi sanin yawancin mutane.

Zaɓi zaɓi

Abubuwan da ke ciki

 ◦Yadda ake canza adadi zuwa binary ◦Yadda ake canza binary zuwa decimal ◦Ƙarin Binary ◦Rage Binary ◦Binary Multiplication ◦Binary Division
Tsarin binary tsarin ƙididdigewa ne wanda ke aiki kusan daidai kamar tsarin decimal, wanda yawancin mutane suka fi sani da shi. Lambar tushe don tsarin decimal shine 10, yayin da tsarin binary yana amfani da 10. Tsarin binary yana amfani da 2, tsarin decimal yana amfani da 10, tsarin binary yana amfani da 1, wanda ake kira a bit. Waɗannan bambance-bambance a gefe, ayyuka kamar ƙari, ragi, da ninkawa duk ana ƙididdige su ta amfani da ƙa'idodi iri ɗaya kamar na tsarin ƙima.
Saboda sauƙin aiwatarwa a cikin kewayawa na dijital tare da ƙofofin dabaru, kusan dukkanin fasahar zamani da kwamfutoci suna amfani da tsarin binary. Yana da sauƙi don ƙirƙira kayan aikin da ke iya gano jihohi biyu kawai (a kunne da kashewa, gaskiya/ƙarya, ko yanzu/rasa) fiye da ganin ƙarin jihohi. Hardware wanda zai iya gano jihohi goma ta amfani da tsarin decimal za a buƙaci, wanda ya fi rikitarwa.
Anan akwai wasu misalan juyawa tsakanin ƙima, hex, da ƙimar binary:
 Decimal Hex Binary
 0 0 0
 1 1 1
 2 2 10
 3 3 11
 5 5 101
 10 A 1010
 11 B 1011
 12 C 1100
 13 D 1101
 14 E 1110
 15 F 1111
 50 32 110010
 63 3F 111111
 100 64 1100100
 1000 3e+08 1111101000
 10000 2710 10011100010000

Kuna iya canza tsarin decimal zuwa tsarin binary ta bin wannan matakin mataki-mataki:
Nemo mafi girman iko tsakanin 2 da lambar da aka bayar
Ƙara wannan ƙimar zuwa lambar da aka bayar
Nemo mafi girman iko tsakanin 2 da saura a mataki na 2
Ci gaba da maimaitawa har sai babu sauran
Shigar da 1 don nuna ƙimar wurin binaryar. A 0 yana nuna cewa babu irin wannan darajar.

Yadda ake canza binary zuwa decimal

Kowane matsayi a cikin lambar binary yana wakiltar iko na 2 kamar kowane matsayi a lambobi goma yana wakiltar iko na 10.
Domin canza binary zuwa decimal, kuna buƙatar ninka kowane matsayi ta 2 zuwa lambar wutar lantarki ta lambar matsayi. Ana yin haka ta hanyar kirgawa daga hagu zuwa tsakiya da farawa da sifili.

Ƙarin Binary

Ƙarin binary yana bin ƙa'idodi ɗaya kamar ƙari a cikin hanyar ƙima sai dai; maimakon ɗaukar 1, lokacin da aka ƙara ƙimar daidai 10, ɗaukar kaya yana faruwa lokacin da sakamakon reshe ya yi daidai da 2.
Bambanci kawai tsakanin kari da na decimal shi ne ƙimar tsarin binary 2 yayi daidai da daidaitaccen tsarin decimal na 10. Za ku lura cewa sama da 1,s suna nuna lambobi waɗanda aka ɗauka. Lokacin yin ƙari na binary, kuskuren gama gari shine lokacin da 1 + 1 = 0. Hakanan, 1 daga ginshiƙi na baya zuwa hagu yana da 1 wanda aka ɗauka. Ƙimar da ke ƙasa ya kamata ta zama 1 maimakon 0. A cikin misalin da ke sama, za ku iya ganin wannan a cikin shafi na uku.

Rage Binary

Hakazalika da ƙari na binary, babu bambanci da yawa tsakanin decimal da ragi na binary, sai waɗanda aka haifar ta hanyar amfani da lambobi 1 da 0. Ana iya amfani da aro lokacin da lambar da ake cirewa ta fi na asali lamba. Ragewar binary shine inda aka cire mutum daga 0. Wannan shine kawai misalin da ake buƙatar aro. Lokacin da wannan ya faru, lambar 0 a cikin ginshiƙi da aka aro ta zama "2". Wannan yana canza 0-1 zuwa 2-1 = 1 yayin da ake rage 1 a cikin ginshiƙi da ake sake ginawa daga 1. Idan shafi mai zuwa yana da darajar 0, ana buƙatar aro daga duk ginshiƙan da ke gaba.

Binary Multiplication

Yawan ninkawa na binary zai iya zama mai sauƙi fiye da ninka ƙima. Haɓakawa na binary ya fi takwaransa na ƙima mai sauƙi, saboda akwai ƙima biyu kawai. Lura cewa kowane jere yana da madaidaicin wuri 0, dole ne a ƙara sakamakon kuma dole ne a matsar da ƙimar zuwa dama, kamar ninkan ƙima. Rukunin multiplication na binary ya samo asali ne saboda ƙari mai ban sha'awa na binary wanda ya dogara da rago nawa kowane kalma ya ƙunshi. Dubi misalin da ke ƙasa don ƙarin gani.
Ƙirƙirar binary daidai tsari iri ɗaya ne da haɓaka ƙima. Za ku lura cewa mai sanya wuri 0 yana bayyana a jere na biyu. A cikin ninka na goma, 0 yawanci ba a gani. Ana iya yin irin wannan abu a cikin wannan yanayin, amma za a ɗauka masu sanya wuri 0. Har yanzu an haɗa shi saboda 0 yana dacewa da kowane ƙididdiga na ƙari/ragi na binary kamar wanda aka nuna akan wannan shafin. Idan ba a nuna 0 ba, yana yiwuwa a yi watsi da 0 kuma ƙara ƙimar binary a sama. Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa tsarin binary yana la'akari da kowane 0 dama na 1, yayin da kowane 0 na hagu ba shi da mahimmanci.

Binary Division

Rarraba binary yayi kama da tsari mai tsayi da yawa ta amfani da tsarin decimal. Har yanzu rabon rabon yana yin daidai da hanyar. Bambancin kawai shine mai rarraba yana amfani da ragi na binary maimakon ƙima. Don rarraba binary, yana da mahimmanci don fahimtar ragi na binary.

Mawallafin labarin
Parmis Kazemi
Parmis shine mahaliccin abun ciki wanda ke da sha'awar rubutu da ƙirƙirar sabbin abubuwa. Hakanan tana sha'awar fasaha kuma tana jin daɗin koyon sabbin abubuwa.

Binary Kalkuleta Harshen
Buga: Tue Dec 28 2021
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